On a retrouvé le sceau royal du roi Ezéchias

mazarsmall

Jérusalem – Des archéologues israéliens sont parvenus à établir qu’un petit objet découvert il y a cinq ans lors de fouilles près de la vieille ville de Jérusalem était un sceau portant le nom d’un roi de Judée remontant au VIIIe siècle avant Jésus-Christ, Ezéchias, fils d’Achaz !

« C’est la première fois qu’un sceau d’un roi israélite ou judéen a été mis en lumière dans une excavation archéologique scientifique » note Dr. Eilat Mazar.

Le sceau porte l’inscription suivante :
« לחזקיהו [בן] אחז מלך יהדה »
« Appartenant à Ezéchias [fils de] Achaz, roi de Juda »

L’on trouvera des informations en suivant ces liens :

Un article, résumé en français :
http://fr.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews/idFRKBN0TL1N520151202

Le site de l’Université Hébraïque de Jérusalem (anglais) :
http://new.huji.ac.il/en/article/28173

Et voici, en exclusivité, un extrait (le résumé) de l’article scientifique sur le sceau d’Ezéchias d’Eilat Mazar qui vient juste de paraître dans le livre « THE OPHEL EXCAVATIONS to the South of the Temple Mount 2009–2013. FINAL REPORTS VOLUME I » rendant compte des fouilles archéologiques de l’Ophel :

The 2009 excavation season at the Ophel revealed the first seal impression of an Israelite or Judean king to come to light in a scientific archaeological excavation. It bears a winged sun motif with ankh symbols and the inscription: לחזקיהו [בן] אחז מלך יהדה (belonging to Hezekiah [son of] Ahaz King of Judah). Seal impressions from two other seals of Hezekiah, with a twowinged scarab and an identical inscription, began to appear in the antiquities market and be published in 1986. Seal impressions identical to the Ophel impression appeared in the antiquities market in 2001.

King Hezekiah’s personal seal impressions underwent considerable change, similar to the change in the imprints of the symbol of the kingdom imprinted on jar handles from that period. During most of Hezekiah’s reign, use was made of Royal seals bearing the four-winged scarab, and only in his last years, close to the last year of Sargon II’s reign, or shortly thereafter, the representation on the administrative Royal seal was changed to that of a two-winged sun. We can suggest that a similar change was also instituted in the King’s personal seals, which initially bore a two-winged scarab. Only after Hezekiah recovered from his illness was this symbol changed to a winged sun with the wings pointing downward, as if offering patronage, with two life (ankh) symbols flanking the wings. This motif change, that apparently was related to the profound awareness of divine providence guiding political events and Hezekiah’s personal fate, was made, in great degree, under the influence of the Assyrian culture,where the winged sun symbolized the sovereignty of the King and his rule, a symbol similarlyapplicable to the Judean King at that time.

The discovery of the personal seal of King Hezekiah, along with dozens of additional bullae, some with impressions of coarse fabric that came most likely from sacks, or that sealed jars containing goods that were stored in the Royal Building and were found at its foot, tangibly illustrate the life of the Royal Quarter of the Ophel at the time. The inscription and the symbols on the impression bring this remarkable Judean King to life and support the Bible account and the Assyrian sources that depict his reign.

Mazar, E., THE OPHEL EXCAVATIONS to the South of the Temple Mount 2009–2013. FINAL REPORTS VOLUME I, p. 638.

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